The property was a source of fuelwood for Norco butter factory furnaces prior to being used for dairy farming and banana plantations in the 1940s. Corn, pumpkins, cucumber and watermelons were grown in the 1950s, with beef cattle grazing after that. Quarrying, beach sand mining and driving over the dunes all contributed to deforestation and degradation.
The land was zoned for private education in 1985. An approval was granted for a university campus – “The Academy” – with 1,200 students. Construction commenced with footings built however the owners went into receivership in 1987 and the property was taken over by St George Bank. In 1996 the property was purchased by the Broken Head Coastal Foundation who have nurtured the Linnaeus Estate. Since 2016 the property has been covered by a combination of special activities – initially education and more recently mixed use, environmental and some rural zonings.